ST17 Iowa (December 2007; Updated August 2010 - no changes to law)
1.18: USERRA and Other Laws
2.0: Paid Leave
Paid Military Leave for Public Employees in Iowa
By CAPT Samuel F. Wright, JAGC, USN (Ret.)
Iowa law provides up to 30 days paid military leave for employees of the state and its political subdivisions who serve not only in the federal armed forces and National Guard, but in the civil air patrol and state nurse corps, too. The law also gives guidance on use of replacement employees and servicemembers returning to their jobs.
The law follows:
“1.a. All officers and employees of the state, a subdivision thereof, or a municipality other than employees employed temporarily for six months or less, who are members of the national guard, organized reserves or any component part of the military, naval, or air forces or nurse corps of this state or nation, or who are or may be otherwise inducted into the military service of this state or of the United States, or who are members of the civil air patrol, shall, when ordered by proper authority to state active duty, state military service, or federal service, or when performing a civil air patrol mission pursuant to section 29A.3A, be entitled to a leave of absence from such civil employment for the period of state active duty, state military service, federal service, or civil air patrol duty without loss of status or efficiency rating, and without loss of pay during the first thirty days of such leave of absence.
"b. Where state active duty, state military service, federal service, or civil air patrol duty is for a period of less than thirty days, a leave of absence under this section shall only be required for those days that the civil employee would normally perform services for the state, subdivision of the state, or a municipality.
“2. A state agency, subdivision of the state, or municipality may hire a temporary employee to fill any vacancy created by such leave of absence. Temporary employees hired to fill a vacancy created by a leave of absence under this section shall not count against the number of full-time equivalent positions authorized for the state agency, subdivision of the state, or municipality.
“3. Upon returning from a leave of absence under this section, an employee shall be entitled to return to the same position and classification held by the employee at the time of entry into state active duty, state military service, federal service, or civil air patrol duty, or to the position and classification that the employee would have been entitled to if the continuous civil service of the employee had not been interrupted by state active duty, state military service, federal service, or civil air patrol duty. Under this subsection, ‘position’ includes the geographical location of the position.” (Iowa Code, section 29A.28.)